Various stages of coffee production

Learning How To Grow Coffee in Salento, Colombia

We didn’t think it right to visit Colombia’s Coffee Triangle without taking a little time to learn about the brown stuff and how it’s produced. In between relaxing in the tiny colonial town of Salento and visiting the magnificent Cocora Valley, we decided to head on a tour of a coffee plantation.

Plantation House Coffee Tour

There are literally dozens of coffee tour providers in Salento, which range from a casual chat and a stroll around a plantation to a much more thorough lesson on the coffee production process and the politics and economics surrounding it.  Plantation House offer the latter.

The tour takes place on Finca Don Eduardo, the plantation owned by the same folks which own Plantation House Hostel (its a pretty basic hostel, but very relaxed and amidst some great scenery).

Growing the Beans

Most farms now grow modern coffee, which has been modified through selective breeding (not GM) to make the coffee easier to grow and to harvest. But many farmers are choosing to stick with traditional coffee because its,  you know, traditional.

A little known fact about Colombian coffee is that it is graded on size, not quality. This is for two reasons, first, because it’s regarded that larger beans are larger and therefore better. Makes sense, I suppose. The second reason is that different varieties of Arabica beans, all of which offer degrees of quality, all fetch exactly the same price as the industry is accustomed to throwing them all in together.

Don Eduardo (British born Timothy Harbour) likes to keep his beans separate to filter out the lower quality beans, much to the dismay of the workers.

imageHostel owner John Hammond Don Eduardo walks us to the plantaion.

imageBanana trees surround the coffee plants to offer shade

Washing the Beans

Once harvested, the raw coffee fruit (referred to as coffee cherries) need to be peeled and dried. Before drying, though, there is a process known as washing. Some farms do not wash their beans during production, but this produces a lower quality batch. You didn’t know there was this much to producing coffee, did you?

imageRemoving the outer skin of the cherries.

The skinned cherries sit in water for a couple of days which allows a further layer of skin to ferment away, leaving the beans ready for drying.

Drying the Beans

imageBeans left to dry in a poly-tunnel.

imageOnce dried, a final skin can be removed by hand or by machine.

Roasting / Drying the Beans

Once you are left with the final, dried bean it needs to be roasted. Again, there is more to this than you would imagine. Better beans can be roasted for gently, whereas lower quality beans need to be dark roasted to mask some of the bitter taste. Most fincas use a specialist roaster with industrial equipment – on this occasion we just used a frying pan.

imageGrinding the pan-roasted coffee beans.

The Finished Cup

Just add water…

imageDelicious home-grown, hand-picked, hand-roasted Colombian coffee.

imageFrom tree to table, a comprehensive tour.

If you ever find yourself in Salento, I would definitely pop over to Plantation House and take the coffee tour regardless of whether you decide to stay there. At time of writing, the price is COP$10,000 for guests and COP$20,000 for visitors.

  • Tours in English take place daily at 9.00am, no need to book
  • Tours in Spanish take place on Mon-Sat at 11.00 and 15.00, no need to book

4 Things You Didn’t Know About Coffee

  • Despite the different flavors and varieties, there are actually only two types of coffee; Arabica and Robusta.
  • India love tea, right? Well as of 2011, India has been consistently in the top 5 coffee producing countries in the World (5,100,000 bags a year!).
  • Coffee producing nations don’t actually drink that much coffee. Finland drink the most cups per capita and Brazil are the first major coffee producing nation on the list in 13th place.
  • Prices for coffee beans are set twice a day, once in the morning and once in the afternoon.

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Paddy likes cold beers, wide landscapes and ancient ruins - sometimes all at the same time. "Not all those who wander are lost".

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